Words on numbers.
- Number = figure
- Digit (0-9)
- Odd numbers: 1,3,5 etc.
- Even numbers: 2,4,6, etc.
Review the numbers from 20 to 99 and pay attention to the word stress!
- 20: twenty
- 30: thirty (and 13: thirteen)
- 40: forty (and 14: fourteen)
- 50: fifty (and 15: fifteen)
- 60: sixty (and 16: sixteen)
- 70: seventy (and 17: seventeen)
- 80: eighty (and 18: eighteen)
- 90: ninety (and 19: nineteen)
Large numbers: hundred
- 100 a/one hundred
- 110 a/one hundred (and) ten
- 999 nine hundred (and) ninety-nine
- Notice: no ‘s’ at the end of ‘hundred’
- Notice: ‘and’ after ‘hundred’ for the Britons.
- Read: ‘There are 5 million inhabitants in this country.’ (no ‘of’ after million)
Large numbers: thousand
- 1,000 a/one thousand
- 2,345 two thousand three hundred (and) forty-five
- Notice: no ‘and’ after ‘thousand’
- Notice: a comma (,) to separate groups of three digits
- Notice: no ‘s’ at the end of ‘thousand’
- Thousands of people
- Hundreds of visitors
- Tens of thousands of Britons
- Scores of tourists
- Dozens of opportunities
- Millions of euros
Very large numbers
- 100,000 a/one hundred thousand
- 1,000,000 a/one million
- 1,000,000,000 a/one milliard/billion
- 123,456,789 one hundred and twenty-three million four hundred and fifty-six thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine
Telling the time
- Just say the numbers! Forget ‘past’ ‘to’!
- Your train is leaving at 11:40
– eleven forty
- The shop closes at 20:30
– twenty thirty or eight thirty pm
- The park is open from 9:00 (nine) in the morning to 5:00 (five) in the afternoon.
- 12:00 midday, noon, midnight.
Telling the date, review the ordinal numbers
- 1st first
- 2nd second
- 3rd third
- 4th fourth
- 5th fifth
- 6th sixth
- 7th seventh
- 8th eighth
- 9th ninth
- 10th tenth and then you only add ‘th’ for the following numbers.
- 15 March 2017
– on the fifteenth of March two thousand and seventeen (or twenty seventeen)
– eighteen hundred
– the year two thousand
– ten sixty-six
– eighteen ‘oh’ five
– forty-six BC (Before Christ)
fifty-two AD (Anno Domini, after Christ
Telling the price
- €45: forty-five euros
- $456: four hundred and fifty-six dollars
- £1,234: one thousand two hundred and thirty-four pounds
- $7.99: seven dollars ninety-nine (cents)
- £10.99: ten pounds ninety-nine (pence)
- £0.99: ninety-nine pence / pees
- £1,599pp: one thousand five hundred and ninety-nine pounds per person
- £2,499pppn: two thousand four hundred and ninety-nine pounds per person per night
Talking about distances and duration
- How far is Arcachon (from Bordeaux)?
- Arcachon is 60 km away (from Bordeaux).
- The modern art museum is just a stone’s throw away (from the hotel).
- The tram stop is within walking distance of the convention center.
- The Galapagos islands are 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador.
- The airport is a mere twenty minute drive from the resort.
- Local trains run every 20 minutes.
Describing the dimensions of a monument or a natural feature
- The St Andre cathedral is 407 ft long, 59 ft wide and 75 ft high in the nave and 95 ft high in the chancel (altar area, cœur).
- The Garonne river is 1,800ft across in Bordeaux.
- At its headwaters (source of a river), the Mississippi is less than 3 feet deep.
Adjectives and noun
- Long / the length
- High / the height
- Wide / the width (beam for a boat)
- Deep / the depth