Tourism English Online

Expressing obligation

Pour exprimer ce que l'on est obligé de faire

■  Go and see Pompeii - it's a must! (familier)

=  c'est à ne pas manquer

■  You've got to ou You have to be back before midnight

=  vous devez

■  You need to ou You must have an address in Prague before you can apply for the job

=  il faut que vous

■  I have no choice: this is how I must live and I cannot do otherwise

=  je dois

■  He was forced to ask his family for a loan

=  il a été obligé de

■  A degree is indispensable for future entrants to the profession

=  est indispensable

■  It is essential to know what the career options are before choosing a course of study

=  il est essentiel de

■  A dog collar is a requirement of law

=  est exigé par

■  Wearing the kilt is compulsory for all those taking part

=  est obligatoire

■  We have no alternative but to fight

=  nous n'avons pas le choix, nous devons

■  Three passport photos are required

=  il faut fournir

■  You will go directly to the headmaster's office and wait for me there

=  allez

Pour savoir si l'on est obligé de faire quelque chose

■  Do I have to ou Have I got to be home by midnight?

=  est-ce que je dois

■  Is it necessary to look at the problem across the continent?

=  est-il nécessaire de

■  Ought I to tell my colleagues?

=   devrais-je

■  Should I tell my boyfriend about my fantasy to paint his face and dress him in my petticoat?

=   devrais-je

■  Am I expected to ou Am I supposed to fill in this bit of the form?

=  est-ce que je suis censé

Pour exprimer ce que l'on n'est pas obligé de faire

■  I don't have to ou I haven't got to be home so early now the nights are lighter

=  je ne suis pas obligé de

■  You don't have to ou You needn't go there if you don't want to

=  vous n'êtes pas obligé de

■  You are not obliged to invite him

=  rien ne vous oblige à

■  It is not necessary ou compulsory to have a letter of acceptance but it does help

=  il n'est pas nécessaire de

Pour exprimer ce que l'on ne doit pas faire

■  You are not allowed to sit the exam more than three times

=  on n'a pas le droit de

■  Smoking is not allowed in the dining room

=  il n'est pas permis de

■  You mustn't show this document to any unauthorised person

=  vous ne devez pas

■  You're not supposed to use this room unless you are a club member

=  vous n'êtes pas censé

De façon plus énergique

■  It is forbidden to bring cameras into the gallery

=  il est interdit de

■  I forbid you to return there

=  je vous interdis de

■  You are forbidden to talk to anyone while the case is being heard

=  il vous est interdit de

■  Smoking is forbidden ou is prohibited ou is not permitted in the dining room

=  il est interdit de

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